Wavelength and angle-resolved (energy-momentum) cathodoluminescence explained in a technical note

April 17, 2019

In order to explain the possibilities of energy-momentum cathodoluminescence technique we prepared a technical note, which is now available for download. This technique, also known as wavelength and angle-resolved cathodoluminescence (WARCL), combines “conventional” angle-resolved CL imaging with hyperspectral CL imaging. Energy-momentum imaging approach opens up new ways for studying optical properties of (nano)materials in wavelength/energy and angle/momentum space in great detail.

This technique originates from angle-resolved cathodoluminescence, which established itself as a powerful tool for quantifying directionality in (nano)antennas, performing multipolar decomposition of the emission, and measuring modal dispersion amongst others. Wavelength and angle-resolved CL, on the other hand, can be used to image dispersive materials and to probe band structure in (quasi)periodic systems.

The note explains the possibilities of lens-scanning energy-momentum (LSEK) applied to a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate and aluminium elliptical plasmonic bullseye antenna. The acquired maps show that the directionality and dispersion of the materials can be tracked through wavelength and angular space. The measurements were done with the SPARC cathodoluminescence detector.

Download the technical note, and if you want to know even more about this technique, make sure to register for the upcoming webinar, dedicated to energy-momentum technique.